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瞭解真相權利國際日:聯合國強調揭穿真相有助於追究責任

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瞭解真相權利國際日:聯合國強調揭穿真相有助於追究責任

3月24日是第一個「瞭解嚴重侵犯人權行為真相權利和維護受害者尊嚴國際日」。潘基文秘書長及聯合國人權事務高級專員皮萊在各自發表的致詞中都強 調,瞭解真相不僅有助於受害者及其家人了結心事、恢復尊嚴,也有助於整個社會追究肇事者責任,實現正義,消除有罪不罰的現象。請聽聯合國電臺記者苑星普的 報道。
  
瞭解真相的權利一般是指嚴重侵犯人權行為的受害者或其家人尋求和獲得以下信息的權利:受害者的命運和下落、罪行發生的背景和原因、案犯身份、調查的進展和結果等。

  2010年12月,聯合國大會宣佈將每年的3月24日設為"瞭解嚴重侵犯人權行為真相權利和維護受害者尊嚴國際日",以強調瞭解真相和伸張正義 的重要性,及緬懷那些為揭穿真相、捍衛人權而奉獻和犧牲生命的人。1980年的這一天,薩爾瓦多的人權倡導者和維護者羅梅羅主教在舉行禮拜儀式時被親政府 的力量暗殺。

  在首個"瞭解真相權利國際日"到來之際,潘基文秘書長發表致詞指出,真相在維護人權方面有著不可或缺的作用,瞭解真相有助於受害者及其家人來了 結心事,恢復尊嚴,並為他們的損失取得一些補償。  揭發真相也有助於社會追究侵權行為實施者的責任。因此,捍衛瞭解真相的權利是人權工作中不可或缺的一 部分。

  聯合國人權事務高級專員皮萊也指出,時至今日,酷刑、強姦、性奴役、強迫失蹤、法外處決等嚴重侵犯人權的罪行在許多國家仍一再出現,通過公開、 獨立和中立的調查來揭穿有關這些罪行的真相有助於實現正義,打擊有罪不罰現象,以及防止今後繼續出現類似的罪行。因此,她呼籲各國政府採取一切必要措施保 護瞭解真相的權利,以及那些致力於揭穿真相的人。
  苑星普,聯合國紐約總部報道。
  
本文轉載自聯合國電台官網:http://www.unmultimedia.org/radio/chinese/detail/148491.html

關於此節目之英文版 轉載自聯合國官方英文網站如下:

http://www.un.org/en/events/righttotruthday/sgmessage.shtml

Secretary-General’s Message

Thirty-one years ago on this date, Monsignor Óscar Arnulfo Romero, an active promoter and defender of human rights in El Salvador, was murdered while conducting a service at church. The intent was clear: to silence an ardent opponent of repression.

Today, the first International Day for the Right to the Truth of Victims of Gross Human Rights Violations and for the Dignity of Victims, we pay tribute to Monsignor Romero’s work and to that of all human rights defenders around the world.

Victims of gross human rights violations and their families are entitled to know the truth about the circumstances surrounding these violations, the reasons they were perpetrated and the identity of the perpetrators.

The Right to the Truth is now explicitly provided for in the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance, which entered into force in December 2010. Several other international instruments, as well as nationals laws, jurisprudence and resolutions of intergovernmental bodies, also recognize this right.

Knowing the truth offers individual victims and their relatives a way to gain closure, restore their dignity and experience at least some remedy for their losses.

Exposing the truth also helps entire societies to foster accountability for violations.

And since the process of determining the truth often involves fact-finding inquiries and public testimony by victims and perpetrators, it can provide catharsis and help produce a shared history of events that facilitates healing and reconciliation.

As we inaugurate this new international observance, let us recognize the indispensable role of the truth in upholding human rights – and let us pledge to defend the right to the truth as we pursue our global mission of human rights.

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